Archive for the ‘Central Park Story – Book One’ Category:

Is Central Park Any Safer Today Than in the Past?


Getting mugged in 1857…

Statistically-speaking, the answer is yes. It’s a lot safer walking in Central Park today than it was in the past.

That’s not to say one should be carefree about it. There are still plenty of ways one can dramatically increase one’s chances of an encounter with a mugger.

I started this post to highlight the fact that the area around Central Park where I grew up is a lot safer today than it was in the 1960s, and why I didn’t include a mugging scene in my young adult adventure series, Central Park Story. However, I ended up looking at theft statistics in not just Central Park, but all of NY State, to see how they lined up with my perception of reality.

In 2013 alone there were only 1458 reported thefts in NY State (including NYC). In 1965, on the other hand, the number was over 253,000!

Those of a more cynical persuasion might be quick to point out that the muggings haven’t diminished. They simply migrated to the financial district downtown. leading to the rich becoming richer and the poor becoming poorer, and hence the richer neighborhoods becoming safer. But it’s still amazing how more overt forms of theft have precipitously dropped over the years.

Is it due to better city management, or is it a by-product of better technology and surveillance? No one seems to have a definitive answer.

crime busters

…and crime busters in action in the NYC subways today!

One thing is for sure: one can still increase one’s chances of being mugged by doing the wrong things. For this reason, I am including a link to  an article that outlines five significant ways to help prevent your ever being mugged yourself!

Christopher’s ‘Invisible’ Apartment

I had fun choosing a location for the apartment where Christopher lives in my young adult adventure series, Central Park Story.

I wanted it to be near to where I have his Aunt B run an antique doll house store, but I also wanted it within walking distance of the Bethesda Fountain where most of the action in Book One and Two takes place.

923 Fifth Avenue

The front entrance to Christopher’s apartment building

Fifth Avenue seemed to be the most natural choice since it would have tons of views of the park from its windows. But where on Fifth Avenue?

I happened to be staying with friends on 74th Street and Park and walking toward Fifth Avenue when I spotted the building to the right, #923 on the corner of 73rd Street and Fifth.

It looked more ‘youthful’ than its stodgy neighbors and was within easy walking distance of everything that happens in Books One and Two. Plus, it stands diametrically opposite Christopher’s fictitious school at 81st and Central Park West.

923 Fifth Avenue

Christopher’s apartment building and its ‘invisible’ 20th floor!

I decided it was a perfect location, yet I still had to decide on the apartment itself.

Since I counted eighteen floors in the building and couldn’t make up my mind which one would be his, I finally decided to place his apartment on the 20th floor, two floors above the building itself!

When you read Central Park Story Book Five, you will see just how magical this choice turns out to be…



The Indians Who Lived in Manhattan Were Happy to Get Rid of It!

Manhattan then and now

If you find it hard to imagine what Manhattan looked like in the 1600s versus today, here’s something that might help…

The tribe that inhabited the island of Manhattan in the 1600s were called the Lenape, the Lenape being part of the Delaware nation who inhabited the lower Hudson Valley.

Did the Dutch really purchase the island of Manhattan from the Lenape for a mere $20 in worthless beads and leave them holding an empty bag? Not by a long shot. Manhattan, which meant ‘hill island’ in the Lenape’s native language, wasn’t of much value to them, so they exchanged it for iron pots and tools that had considerably more use at the time.

It was a bargain then and no different than any other bargain that has been struck in New York City since.


I’m sure the Lenape Indians must have thought the Dutch a little bit crazy for wanting the swampy island of Manhattan!

What I find interesting is why the Indians wanted to live there in the first place. The island was rocky and swampy and had little strategic importance for them as it did for the Europeans.

Frederick Law Olmsted probably had the same reaction when he first laid eyes on the desolate parcel that was eventually to become Central Park. However, with the help of several tons of dynamite and ten thousand workers he somehow managed to turn it into the urban oasis that it is today–one in which Christopher Middleton, the main character in my young adult adventure series, Central Park Story,  takes later refuge in himself.


The Central Park Cave and the Mark Twain Cave

Staircase to the Central Park Cave

The staircase leading to the Central Park Cave, otherwise known as the ‘Indian Cave’

Although there is no material connection between the two, the Central Park Cave made me think of Tom Sawyer’s cave in Twain’s famous, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer.

The Mark Twain Cave in Hannibal, Missouri, covers some six and a half miles consisting of four entrances and 260 passages, while the Central Park Cave consists of a single large room.

Discovered by excavators when the park was under construction, it might have been a shelter used by Indians in the past.


And the Mark Twain Cave…not a whole lot different. became an instant tourist attraction and a magnet for crime until it was eventually sealed in the 1930s.

The staircase leading to the wall that now covers the entrance is still visible from the Ramble and only adds to its mystery.

In my young adult adventure series, Central Park Story, I imagine the cave having a hidden corridor that leads underneath the Bethesda Fountain, not unlike Twain’s cave in Hannibal.

If Twain could stretch the truth, then so could I!


…until you get inside!

Bergdorf Goodman: Not Your Typical Department Store


Bergdorf Goodman, at 58th Street and Fifth…talk about location!

Situated at 58th Street and Fifth just opposite Central Park, Bergdorf Goodman is about as iconic a store as you could imagine.

Just prior to the purchase of the property by Mr. Goodman, it was the Cornelius Vanderbilt estate, whose massive gate now graces the entrance to the Conservatory Garden at 106th Street.


A typically modest window display at Bergdorf’s

So many references in films have been made to this famous store, they could probably be turned into a movie themselves.

For that reason, as well as the fact that it is located a block from Central Park, I make it a preferred shopping oasis for Ashley Ferguson, one of the main characters in my young adult adventure series, Central Park Story.


European Parks vs. Central Park . . . A World Apart!

Hyde Park

Hyde Park in London, though still on the regal side, comes closer to what Olmsted had in mind for Central Park than its other European counterparts.

European parks had their not-so-humble origins as playgrounds for royalty. Olmsted visited many of these parks on his overseas tours and took voluminous notes of what he saw. Much of what he saw he tried to avoid in his design of Central Park.

Rather than massive fountains, overbearing statues, and cleverly manicured gardens, he and his partner, Calvert Vaux, allowed for only one simple, but beautiful, fountain, one beautiful but elegant statue (the Angel of the Waters on the Terrace) and zero manicured gardens (the Conservatory Garden at 106th Street was only added after Olmsted and Vaux had passed on).

The result was a striking degree of relaxed elegance through naturalistic beauty and simplicity. Their goal throughout was to let nature be the central focus. After all, wasn’t it nature and our natural resources that made our country stand out from its European counterparts?

Throughout my young adult adventure series, Central Park Story, I have tried to underline the unique vision that Olmsted and Vaux brought to the idea of a public park.

the Jardin du Luxembourg the Jardin du Luxembourg in Paris.


Olmsted and Vaux’s Three Separate Ways: Their Greatest Innovation

Arch at 110th Street.

An arch at 110th Street that allows cars (or carriages) to pass over pedestrians

Probably the most influential innovation in the Central Park design was the “separate circulation” system for pedestrians, horseback riders, and carriages along with the sunken traverse roadways that allowed commercial traffic to pass to the other side of the city unnoticed.

The overpasses along the traverses allowed visitors to walk from south to north end of the park without being aware of the traffic that made its way from east to west, while the three separate circulation systems allowed visitors to pass one another without getting in each others way. This allowed one and all to spend their time enjoying the serenity and beauty of nature which was the sole purpose of creating the park in the first place.

Gothic Bridge

…and another next to the reservoir that allows pedestrians to cross over horses

Calvert Vaux designed 36 unique bridges and arches, no two alike, that would allow this clever circulation system to work.

He could have designed them according to the same basic template. Instead, he came up with an array of designs, from stone to iron, to massive boulders, that boggle the imagination.

Try coming up with 36 unique designs for bridges yourself, and you will see what a genius he was.

Emerson’s ‘Nature’ and it’s Subtle Influence on Central Park


Ralph Waldo Emerson, the inspiration behind Transcendentalism
in the US.

“Nature” is an essay by Ralph Waldo Emerson, published in 1836. In it, Emerson put forth the foundation of Transcendentalism, which suggests that the divine, or God, suffuses nature, and that reality can only be understood by studying nature.

Emerson explains that to experience the “wholeness” with nature for which mankind is naturally suited, we must be separate ourselves from the flaws and distractions imposed on us by society. He believed that solitude is the single most important mechanism through which we can fully engage with the world of nature.

Whether Olmsted ever read “Nature” is impossible to know (Olmsted’s education was sporadic and piecemeal, at best), but his design of Central Park certainly acts as a living illustration of Emerson’s philosophy of Transcendentalism.

Olmsted’s goal was to suffuse nature back into the soul of each visitor to the park by creating a sense of nature’s wholeness that was completely separate from the distractions of the surrounding city. He did so by creating inspiring vista after inspiring vista, as if one were walking down a gallery of paintings, until one made contact with the inner genius of nature herself.

If Emerson brought the philosophy of Transcendentalism to the intellectual world of his day, it is fair to say that Olmsted brought it to the urban world.

In my own, lesser way, I try to bring it to the world of teenagers in my young adult adventure series, Central Park Story.


Education in America…in Crisis Mode

American Schools

What goes in…

It is well-known that, ever since the 1950s, American schools have been in crisis mode, falling behind other countries such as Russia and Japan and China in core subjects such as mathematics and science.

Congress passed the National Defense of Education Act in 1958, and over the ensuing years, a series of other legislative acts, in an attempt to rectify these problems; but according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, in 2012, American students ranked 25th in math, 17th in science, and 14th in reading compared to students in 27 other countries.

To give you an idea of just how big a drop that is, America once ranked #1.

So, what is the cause, and what can be done to stop its seemingly inexorable slide?

In my young adult adventure series, Central Park Story, I attempt to resolve the issue by asking a slightly different question: what is education and how exactly do we learn? If we know the answer to that, the former question might become moot.

To cut to the chase, I don’t offer my readers a scientifically precise answer. After all, I am writing a fictional story meant to entertain! But in clarifying (and dramatizing) the issues, I suggest that a more open curriculum where mentoring plays a major role, is absolutely key.

This puts the burden, not on the curriculum or even the students. but on the quality and training of the teachers and the way they teach.

American Schools

..must come out the other end. But what happens in between? That’s the trillion dollar question.

As is the teacher, so is the student.




Europeans Versus Indigenous Americans–Was Conflict Necessary?


Indigenous Americans were about as different from Europeans as you could possibly get, but was conflict really necessary?

At the time of first contact, the indigenous cultures were quite different from those of the proto-industrial Christian immigrants. Some of the Northeastern and Southwestern cultures in particular were matrilinear and operated on a more collective basis than Europeans were familiar with. The majority of Indigenous American tribes, for instance, maintained their hunting grounds and agricultural lands for use of the entire tribe, while Europeans at that time had patriarchal cultures and had developed concepts of individual property rights with respect to land that were extremely different from those of indigenous Americans.

These differences in cultures between the established Native Americans and immigrant Europeans make one question whether it made any sense for one to try and assimilate the other.

One of the most beautiful things about our world is the variety of cultures it sustains, and to see a culture disappear, especially by force, is tragic.

I try to raise this point throughout my young adult adventure series, Central Park Story, by illustrating that different cultures don’t necessarily have to collide, but can live side by side in harmony…assuming there is respect and restraint exercised on both sides.